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Career in architecture

Which other field blends art, science and technology and provides you the thrill of translating your dream house on paper into a grand reality?
As a profession architecture has made waves only in the last one hundred years but it is during the last 25 years that is has acquitted immense significance.
Catering to the dwelling needs of fellow beings and creating structures that cater to individual needs, and architect is a designer, environmental expert, artist and visualizer and caters rolled into one.
Explosion of avenues in architectural duration and the consequent rise in the number of skilled professional is still not sufficient to satisfy the growing need for good all round architects.
At the same time, this profession is not unchallenged by other related fields. Civil/structural Engineers are responsible for the design and construction of structures and utilities such as bridges, dams and roads. The concrete and steel of civil engineering is also the key material in building work and it is not unusual for engineers to manage and control the entire construction process. Though building contractors are largely responsible for construction and repair, at times they may also take up the work of designing and entire structure.



Related Work/Occupations
Architects are concerned with the design and construction of building and related structures. Other who engage in similar works are:
  •  Landscape architects
  • Building. contractors
  • Civil engineers
  •  Urban planners
  •  Interior designers
  •  Industrial designers
  •  Draughts men
  • Graphic designers
  •  Community planners
  •  Land planners


Further Areas of Study and Specializations
Apart from a bachelor's degree in architecture/planning. many postgraduate degree' programmes are specialization in a particular field are also available. Specialization in these areas not only enhances the knowledge of an architect but also offers better prospects of growth.
The education qualifications for admission to the, various postgraduate programs for each discipline are a bachelor's degree in architecture or planning but requirement may differ from institution to institution.

List of the various specialized courses and their eligibility condition:
Architectural Conservation:
This involves conservation and development of ideas, forms and processes from the vat heritage of the Indian experience which from the basic theme of this course.

industrial Design:
The aim of the coups is to master design, experience the theoretical inputs, technological and managerial aspects concerned with the industrial world of today. Cultivation of a professional design approach is the main thrust of this program.

Urban Design:
It is concerned with the analysis and design of the building environment of various levels of settlement structure. the urban designer is involved in the design of new development as well as the renewal and redevelopment, of existing areas.

Master of Building Engineering and Management:
It is a profession, concerned with both the building and natural environment. The program aims at   imparting proficiency in landscape assessment and design technique, employing ecological principle while keeping in view socio economic and cultural consideration.

Master of Planning
Environmental planning is specially design to train students in methods of scientifically evaluating the various factors that affect the choice of parameters, which will ensure environmentally sustainable conditions for development.

Transport Planning
This course cover issues related to the role of transport on development. Identification and analysis of problems issue and constraint in regional and urban development, development of mathematical models for transport demand projection, traffic engineering and design and project preparation, evaluation and management, law and organization etc.

Housing
Housing is an area of special emphasis around the worlds. The objective of the course is to impart necessary skill and understanding to prepare students for real world practice in this multi-disciplinary field with local and central urban authorities, finance companies, private and public sector organizations as well as research and consultancy.

Regional Planning:
This involves plan preparing and management of development for various types of region. This includes planning for metropolitan regions, regional planning issues and development, district planning, regional information system, Rural development, remote sensing technology in regional planning and regional developments.

Urban Planning
The course focus on planning processes which include city and metropolitan planning, design of human settlements and conservation, urban networks and services, city planning models, basic community planning and other related aspects. 

Work of a Town Planner
 Town planners look at the way we use land, trying to balance the needs of housing, jobs, transport, leisure and the environment. They prepare long-term plans, examine proposals for new developments and advise decision makers.

Tasks may include:
·         Visiting sites to assess the effects of development on the surroundings and neighbors.
·         Collecting information and presenting it in written reports.
·         Analyzing data and preparing policies.
·         Advising councilors and other decision makers.
·         Presenting proposals at planning committees and public meetings.
·         Negotiating with interest groups affected by changes.
Town planners in local government work normal duty hours. The work is office-based but involves some outside visits.

Town planners should:
  •  Be interested in the environment.
  • Have good communication skills.
  • Understand maps and plans.
  • The majority of town planners work for central government and local authorities, although opportunities for work in other areas, such as consultancy, are increasing.
  • There is currently a substantial shortage of town planners.
  • The most popular way to train is a university course. This could be a B.Arch (Planning & Architecture) or B.A or B.Sc. (Arch and Planning) plus a specialized postgraduate qualification. Candidates with good first degrees in related subjects, such as architecture or geography, can study for a postgraduate planning qualification.
  • There is no upper age limit. It is possible to move into town planning from careers like architecture, civil engineering and surveying.

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