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Agriculture, Farming & Animal Sciences

Agriculture is the world's most important industry. It provides us with almost all our food. It also supplies materials for two other basic human needs — clothing and shelter. In addition, agriculture provides materials used in making many industrial products, such as paints and medicines. About half the word's workers are employed in agriculture — far more than are employed in any other industry.
However, nearly all the scientific improvements in agriculture have occurred in industrialized nations. In many developing countries, people farm much as their methods have great difficulty increasing their production of food. But increased food production is necessary to keep up with today's rapid population growth. Helping the developing nation modernize their agriculture is one of the major challenges of the industrial nations and is essential if famine is to be avoided.
Farming and agriculture is of critical importance as the major source of food for people in all nations. More than 90% of the total world supply comes from farms, including ranches; the rest comes from fishing and hunting. Because the world population is still growing at near, the fastest rate in history and the aggregate net population growth is increasing year by year, there is critical needy for development of farming and for efficient use of the resources devoted to agricultural or farming use.

It may be assumed that the food problems of the world are manageable if appropriate attention is given to development of farming and to the services required for marketing and for supply of inputs to farms, and if rates of population increase are eventually brought under control.
 Sustained growth of agriculture and farming requires that improved technology be developed for all major phases or factors of production. This includes development and adaptation of new varieties of crops, improvements in fertilizer production and distribution, appropriate use of chemicals for plant and animal protection, more efficient water management, and improved methods of plant and animal culture. The development of farming and agriculture as a central means of solving the world's hunger, malnutrition, and poverty problems is one of the most critical needs - possibly the most critical need - of this generation.

 What Is the Work Like of a Farm Manager?

Farm managers are employed to run a farm efficiently and profitably. The work involved depends party on the Type of farm.

There are three main types:

  • Livestock - raising animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep and poultry
  • Arable - growing crops such as cereals (wheat barley and oats) potatoes, sugar beet, vegetables and oil seed rape.
  • Mixed – combining livestock and arable farming.

There are different types of farm manager jobs. They may run a whole estate or just part of it. such as a pig unit or arable unit. The work includes:
  • Organizing and supervising they plan the running of the farm and how the budget is spent. They set targets for how much the farm is to produce over the next year. employ staff, organize their work and manage them. They also plan livestock breeding, decide when to plant crops, and buy materials such as fertilizers and animal feed. They are responsible for selling the crops or animal produce.
  • keeping records - they keep a wide range of records and documents on the development of livestock and/or crops and financial records. They may be helped by a farm secretary.
  • Practical work - unless they are the manager of a very large farm, they will do some of the day-to-day practical work on the farm. This can include feeding animals, organizing breeding and milking cows. They may also drive tractors and other machinery for ploughing, spreading fertilizer and harvesting crops.
  • Other activities - many farms do much more than just raising livestock and crops. For instance, the farm may have a nature trail or farm shop. It may also offer horse riding facilities or provide accommodation for tourists. As a farm manager they may be responsible for these.

Work Environment

Practical work on the farm is usually outdoors in all weather conditions. The exception is if they work in a special indoor unit for pigs or poultry. The work can involve lifting, carrying, bending and standing. Work with livestock can be smelly.
When dealing with Paperwork, they spend their time indoors in an office. How much paperwork they do depends on the size and type of the farm.

Required Skills and Personal Qualities

  • Be fit, energetic and strong,
  • be willing to work outdoors in all weather conditions
  •  have business management and marketing skills
  • have the ability to find and develop new activities to keep the farm profitable
  • be good with figures for budgeting and keeping financial records
  •  be able to use a computer
  •  be able to communicate well with others such as farm workers, accountants and buyers
  •  be good at working with their hands and willing to tackle all sorts of practical jobs
  • be capable of working under pressure
  • be able to organize and motivate staff
  •  have a driving licence.

Required Interests to Be a Farm Manager

 It helps to be interested in:
  • Science. to understand the conditions livestock and crops need for the best growth
  •  The care of the environment. 


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